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Breeding Birds

Breeding Birds of Hamilton-Wentworth

Avocet
Photo: © Ken Newcombe

The following list includes birds known to have bred successfully within the boundaries of the Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth as it was constituted when the Natural Areas Inventory (NAI) was completed in 1995. Several species have been added to the list either from pre-1995 historical records or because actual breeding has been confirmed between completion of the NAI and December 2000. These species are marked by an asterisk beside the common (English) name.

For a list of all bird species (including species not known to have bred) which have been recorded in the Hamilton Study Area – a circle of 25 mile (40 km) radius centred on Dundurn Castle – please see the Hamilton Study Area Bird Checklist.

See Hamilton Study Area map.

Pied-billed Grebe
Double-crested Cormorant
American Bittern
Least Bittern
Great Blue Heron
Snowy Egret
Green Heron
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Mute Swan
Canada Goose
Wood Duck
Green-winged Teal
American Black Duck
Mallard
Northern Pintail
Blue-winged Teal
Northern Shoveler
Gadwall
American Wigeon
Redhead *
Lesser Scaup *
Hooded Merganser
Turkey Vulture
Osprey *
Northern Harrier
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Cooper’s Hawk
Northern Goshawk
Red-shouldered Hawk
Broad-winged Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk
Peregrine Falcon *
American Kestrel
Gray Partridge
Ring-necked Pheasant
Ruffed Grouse
Wild Turkey
Northern Bobwhite
King Rail *
Virginia Rail
Sora
Common Moorhen
American Coot
Piping Plover *
Killdeer
Spotted Sandpiper
Upland Sandpiper
Common Snipe
American Woodcock
Ring-billed Gull
Herring Gull
Great Black-backed Gull *
Caspian Tern
Common Tern
Black Tern
Passenger Pigeon *
Rock Piegeon
Mourning Dove
Black-billed Cuckoo
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Barn Owl
Eastern Screech-Owl
Great Horned Owl
Long-eared Owl
Northern Saw-whet Owl
Common Nighthawk
Whip-poor-will
Chimney Swift
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Belted Kingfisher
Red-headed Woodpecker
Red-bellied Woodpecker
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
Northern Flicker
Pileated Woodpecker
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Acadian Flycatcher
Alder Flycatcher
Willow Flycatcher
Least Flycatcher
Eastern Phoebe
Great Crested Flycatcher
Eastern Kingbird
Horned Lark
Purple Martin
Tree Swallow
Nor. Rough-winged Swallow
Bank Swallow
Cliff Swallow
Barn Swallow
Blue Jay
American Crow
Black-capped Chickadee
Tufted Titmouse
Red-breasted Nuthatch
White-breasted Nuthatch
Brown Creeper
Carolina Wren
House Wren
Winter Wren
Sedge Wren
Marsh Wren
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Eastern Bluebird
Veery
Wood Thrush
American Robin
Gray Catbird
Northern Mockingbird
Brown Thrasher
Cedar Waxwing
European Starling
Loggerhead Shrike *
Solitary Vireo
Yellow-throated Vireo
Warbling Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Blue-winged Warbler
Golden-winged Warbler
Nashville Warbler
Yellow Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Magnolia Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler
Pine Warbler
Prairie Warbler
Cerulean Warbler
Black-and-white Warbler
American Redstart
Prothonotary Warbler
Ovenbird
Northern Waterthrush
Louisiana Waterthrush
Mourning Warbler
Common Yellowthroat
Hooded Warbler
Canada Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat
Scarlet Tanager
Northern Cardinal
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Indigo Bunting
Rufous-sided Towhee
Chipping Sparrow
Clay-colored Sparrow
Field Sparrow
Vesper Sparrow
Savannah Sparrow
Grasshopper Sparrow
Henslow’s Sparrow *
Song Sparrow
Swamp Sparrow
White-throated Sparrow
Bobolink
Red-winged Blackbird
Eastern Meadowlark
Western Meadowlark
Common Grackle
Brown-headed Cowbird
Orchard Oriole
Northern Oriole
Purple Finch
House Finch
Pine Siskin
American Goldfinch
House Sparrow
Podilymbus podiceps
Phalacrocorax auritus
Botaurus lentiginosus
Ixobrychus exilis
Ardea herodias
Egretta thula
Butorides virescens
Nycticorax nycticorax
Cygnus olor
Branta canadensis
Aix sponsa
Anas crecca
Anas rubripes
Anas platyrhynchos
Anas acuta
Anas discors
Anas clypeata

Anas strepera
Anas americana
Aythya americana
Aythya affinis
Lophodytes cucullatus
Cathartes aura
Pandion haliaetus
Circus cyaneus
Accipiter striatus
Accipiter cooperii
Accipiter gentilis
Buteo lineatus
Buteo platypterus
Buteo jamaicensis
Falco peregrinus
Falco sparverius
Perdix perdix
Phasianus colchicus
Bonasa umbellus
Meleagris gallopavo
Colinus virginianus
Rallus elegans
Rallus limicola
Porzana carolina
Gallinula chloropus
Fulica americana
Charadrius melodus
Charadrius vociferus
Actitis macularia
Bartramia longicauda
Gallinago gallinago
Scolopax minor
Larus delawarensis
Larus argentatus
Larus marinus
Sterna caspia
Sterna hirundo
Chlidonias niger
Ectopistes migratorius
Columbia livia
Zenaida macroura
Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Coccyzus americanus
Tyto alba
Otus asio
Bubo virginianus
Asio otus
Aegolius acadicus
Chordeiles minor
Caprimulgus vociferus
Chaetura pelagica
Archilochus colubris
Ceryle alcyon
Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Melanerpes carolinus
Sphyrapicus varius
Picoides pubescens
Picoides villosus
Colaptes auratus
Dryocopus pileatus
Contopus virens
Empidonax virescens
Empidonax alnorum
Empidonax traillii
Empidonax minimus
Sayornis phoebe
Myiarchus crinitus
Tyrannus tyrannus
Eremophila alpestris
Progne subis
Tachycineta bicolor
Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Riparia riparia
Hirundo pyrrhonota
Hirundo rustica
Cyanocitta cristata
Corvus brachyrhynchos
Parus atricapillus
Parus bicolor
Sitta canadensis
Sitta carolinensis
Certhia americana
Thryothorus ludovicianus
Troglodytes aedon
Troglodytes troglodytes
Cistothorus platensis
Cistothorus palustris
Regulus satrapa
Polioptila caerulea
Sialia sialis
Catharus fuscescens
Hylocichla mustelina
Turdus migratorius
Dumetella carolinensis
Mimus polyglottos
Toxostoma rufum
Bombycilla cedrorum
Sturnus vulgaris
Lanius ludovicianus
Vireo solitarius
Vireo flavifrons
Vireo gilvus
Vireo olivaceus
Vermivora pinus
Vermivora chrysoptera
Vermivora ruficapilla
Dendroica petechia
Dendroica pensylvanica
Dendroica magnolia
Dendroica coronata
Dendroica virens
Dendroica fusca
Dendroica pinus
Dendroica discolor
Dendroica caerulescen
Mniotilta varia
Setophaga ruticilla
Protonotaria citrea
Seiurus aurocapillus
Seiurus noveboracensis
Seiurus motacilla
Oporornis philadelphia
Geothlypis trichas
Wilsonia citrina
Wilsonia canadensis
Icteria virens
Piranga olivacea
Cardinalis cardinalis
Pheucticus ludovicianus
Passerina cyanea
Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Spizella passerina
Spizella pallida
Spizella pusilla
Pooecetes gramineus
Passerculus sandwichensis
Ammodramus savannarum
Ammodramus henslowii
Melospiza melodia
Melospiza georgiana
Zonotrichia albicollis
Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Agelaius phoeniceus
Sturnella magna
Sturnella neglecta
Quiscalus quiscula
Molothrus ater
Icterus spurius
Icterus galbula
Carpodacus purpureus
Carpodacus mexicanus
Carduelis pinus
Carduelis tristis
Passer domesticus